Blacksmith’s Association Hammer In restructuring proposal.
To restructure said association to regain the original concept of an educational purpose.
Club restructure proposes four levels of blacksmith each with its own knowledge, study course and official test to move on
to next level. Levels are as such.
extreme new member to club. May or may not have any experience in Blacksmithing.
Should have sufficient experience, tooling and knowledge (from STRIKER LEVEL) to perform entry level Blacksmithing projects.
Has basic level blacksmithing and able to design and perform said designs with standard steel and medium complexity of projects.
Instructor: Level of Blacksmith with sufficient knowledge to judge and qualify lesser-ranked smiths in association. A practicing Smith.
2) All active
club members will be required to stay within their respective levels for work pieces when at IN CLUB activities and
also work on the lesson at hand specified by the Instructor.
a. No exceptions unless specifically authorized by the Instructor when a drawn detail design is given and explained
to the instructor and approved
3) All levels
will be given a booklet for each level and given either a written or oral and hands on test of Blacksmith knowledge and skill
of such level to proceed to next level or grade of Blacksmith.
a. Each test will demonstrate
the knowledge and techniques learned from said level to the judging blacksmith and are required to advance to next level of
projects and tools (see level and test requirements)
4) Members can not use a power hammer,
trip hammer or any mechanical device until tested and judged that one has the ability. Projects are to be done with hand tools
and old world Blacksmithing techniques. The privilege of using power tools will come the Journeyman level or above. (Also
see hammer-in rules)
5) A choice of several projects will
be given covering the different levels, at each months club hammer-in. Each member is required to choose one or more of the
projects to work on. Unfinished projects from the last hammer-in or personal projects can be worked on as long as it adheres
to that persons tested level and approved by the Blacksmith instructor.
Striker: Make various tools (listed
later), know basic Blacksmithing knowledge, nomenclature of tools.
1. Basic hammer technique, Cutting
and Shearing: Know how to use the hot cut, cold cut, hacksaw, tin snips, bench or floor shear
Apprentice: 1. Drawing Out: Draw a bar to a point or dress an edge or point a tool
2.Upsetting: Upset to at least 1-1/2 times the diameter or width of a bar on
the end and in the middle.
Splitting: Split a bar with a hot cut in the middle or at the end of the bar.
4. Bending, Make a ring out of bar stock or flat stock; forge a square corner right angle
bend in square stock.
5. Riveting, Make two assemblies from at least two separate pieces. For each assembly
use hot riveting and cold riveting (pop riveting is not acceptable).
6.Hot Rasping, Filing: Hot rasp the torch cut end of a bar to reasonable straightness and evenness; show a work piece
which has been filed to a smooth, flat surface; describe the types, care and use of files.
7.Drilling, Tapping, Die Work and Threads: Drill and tap a hole, thread the end of a bar with a die; know the common
thread classifications; know the common drill size classifications and the care and use of twist drills.
8. Heading: Head two bolts, one square headed and one hex headed; head a nail; head a
9. Swaging, swage a tenon or make the end of a square bar round using a swage.
10. Twisting: Show two different twists
in a square bar.
11. Basic Metallurgy: Know the properties and use of wrought iron, mild steel, carbon and tool steels and their classifications,
cast-iron, brass, copper, aluminum; know sheet and plate gauging for ferrous
and non-ferrous metals.
12. Fire and Fuel: Know the constituents of good shop coal; know the different types of coal fires and fire maintenance.
1. Drifting and hole punching: Make a drift and punch and use them to punch, smooth, shape or enlarge a hole.
2. Mortise and Tenon: Make an assembly from at least
two separate pieces using this technique.
3. Collaring: Make an assembly from at least two separate
pieces using this technique.
4. Scroll Work: Make two different types of scrolls.
5. Fullering, Flattening, Grooving, Veining, Set Hammering:
Show examples of each or if used as an intermediate technique, describe how and why the techniques are used.
6. Forge Welding: Show at least three different techniques.
7. Sinking, Raising, Metal Spinning: Make or show a
hemispherical or hollow object made from flat sheet using any one technique.
8. Heat Treating, Hardening, Tempering, Annealing, Case
Know how to properly anneal, harden and temper
carbon tool steel; know how to case harden mild steel, know the colors for tempering; make or show a tool you have made that
has been heat treated that will cut or forge mild steel without breaking or deformation on the working end.
9. Jigs and Dies: Make both a jig and a die for doing
repetitive production work and show examples of work produced with them. Blacksmith Instructor